Campanula rotundifolia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCampanulaceaeCampanulaCampanula rotundifolia

Ecology

A rhizomatous perennial herb of dry, open, infertile habitats including grassland, fixed dunes, rock ledges, roadsides and railway banks. It tolerates a wide range of soil pH, being found on both mildly acidic and calcareous substrates, and heavy-metal tolerant races are known. 0-1160 m (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreo-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1104

Height (cm): 45

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Clonality - secondary

Shortly creeping and rooting at nodes

Comment on Clonality

Creeping stems which ramify locally at soil surface (CPE)

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2294

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 270

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.92

Weighted Changed Factor: -21

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

12

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004288