Cardamine pratensis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCruciferaeCardamineCardamine pratensis

Ecology

A perennial herb of wet grassy places on moderately fertile, seasonally waterlogged soils in woods, wet meadows, fens and flushes. In upland areas it is also found in rush pasture and bryophyte-rich springs. It occasionally persists in gardens and lawns. It is morphologically and cytologically variable, many clones reproducing by rooting from the leaves. 0-1080 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Circumpolar Wide-boreal element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1104

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Clonality - secondary

Plantlets formed on leaves (Cardamine pratensis)

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2721

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 931

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 10

Atlas Change Index: 0.42

Weighted Changed Factor: -21

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

30

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000002872