A perennial herb of wet, acidic, oligotrophic raised and blanket bogs, often growing on and around hummocks and usually in association with Sphagnum species. Lowland to 650 m (Beinn Heasgarnich, Mid Perth) and 820 m elsewhere in Scotland.
The range of C. pauciflora has changed very little since the 1962 Atlas. It is a very inconspicuous species and is easily overlooked, so it is probably present in many 10-km squares for which only pre-1987 records are available.
Circumpolar Boreal-montane element.
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