Convallaria majalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLiliaceaeConvallariaConvallaria majalis


A rhizomatous perennial herb of freely-draining, nutrient-poor soils. It is most frequent in Fraxinus woods on limestone in N. and W. Britain, but also grows in the grikes of limestone pavement, in acidic woods in S.E. England, and in a fen in Cumbria. It is a common garden escape. 0-470 m (Carreg-goch, Brecs.).



World Distribution

European Boreo-temperate element; also in E. Asia and widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 831

Height (cm): 25

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 439

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.25

Weighted Changed Factor: 32

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations