A shrub or small tree found in woodland, hedgerows and scrub and on roadsides. Plants can be long-lived, but fruit infrequently; although they can be bird-sown, they are rarely naturalised. Lowland.
C. mas was cultivated in Britain by 1596, and is popular in gardens. However, it was not formally recorded from the wild until 1927 (Oxon).
Native of C. & S.E. Europe and W. Asia.