Corylus avellana

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaBetulaceaeCorylusCorylus avellana

Ecology

A deciduous suckering shrub of dry or damp, calcareous to mildly acidic soils, but favouring moist, base-rich conditions. It is native in the understorey of many woods, in scrub, hedgerows, on river banks, limestone pavement, cliffs and gullies, but it is also widely planted in copses and hedgerows. 0-640 m (Atholl, E. Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1094

Height (cm): 600

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2470

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 870

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 5

Atlas Change Index: -0.54

Weighted Changed Factor: 17

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

14

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003839