Dactylorhiza incarnata

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrchidaceaeDactylorhizaDactylorhiza incarnata


A tuberous perennial herb growing on damp or wet calcareous soils, in meadows, marshes, ditches, fens, flushes and dune-slacks, and also on more acidic soils in bogs and damp heaths. 0-610 m (Atholl, E. Perth, and Caenlochan, Angus).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 9

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1127

Height (cm): 45

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1189

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 331

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.33

Weighted Changed Factor: -31

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (341b)
Allan B, Woods P
1993.  Wild orchids of Scotland.
Bateman RM, Denholm I
1985.  A reappraisal of the British and Irish dactylorchids, 2. The diploid marsh-orchids. Watsonia. 15:321-355.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jenkinson MN
1991.  Wild orchids of Dorset.
Sanford M
1991.  The orchids of Suffolk.
Sell P [D ], Murrell G
1996.  Flora of Great Britain and Ireland, 5. Butomaceae-Orchidaceae.