Epilobium ciliatum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOnagraceaeEpilobiumEpilobium ciliatum

Ecology

A perennial herb found on disturbed ground such as in gardens, shrubberies, felled woodland, waste ground, on walls and in pavement cracks. It spreads readily by seed, often colonising newly disturbed sites. It occasionally grows in semi-natural habitats, including marshes. 0?450 m (above Garrigill, Cumberland).

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

Native of N. America; widely naturalised in C. & N. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 972

Height (cm): 75

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Comment on Clonality

"Produces short leafy stolons for perennation, but not spreading (CPE)"

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2005

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 400

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: 3.88

Weighted Changed Factor: 41

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

19

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000458397