Eryngium maritimum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaApiaceaeEryngiumEryngium maritimum

Ecology

A glaucous, spiny perennial herb confined to coasts, occurring mainly on incipient and mobile sand dunes and occasionally on shingle. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1010

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 291

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 106

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.8

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003636