Euonymus europaeus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCelastraceaeEuonymusEuonymus europaeus

Ecology

A deciduous shrub or small tree found in hedges, scrub and open deciduous woodland on free-draining base-rich soils, particularly those overlying chalk and limestone. It is also planted in woodlands, hedgerows and gardens from where it can become well-naturalised in the wild. 0-380 m (Craig-y-Benglog, Merioneth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 904

Height (cm): 600

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1254

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 483

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.15

Weighted Changed Factor: 4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

19

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003195