Euphorbia amygdaloides

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbiaEuphorbia amygdaloides

Ecology

A rhizomatous perennial herb of neutral or acidic soils in old woods and shaded hedge banks, more rarely found amongst scrub and around rock outcrops. In woods it is a light-demanding plant which may re-appear from buried seed after coppicing. It is also cultivated as a garden plant, where it is persistent and can be very invasive. Generally lowland, reaching 455 m at Rhydymain (Merioneth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 827

Height (cm): 70

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Chamaephyte

Comment on Life Form

"similar behaviour to Helleborus foetidus; stems from base, flower in 2nd year."

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 704

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: -0.22

Weighted Changed Factor: -27

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

14

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003741