Euphorbia cyparissias

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbiaEuphorbia cyparissias


A rhizomatous perennial herb widely naturalised as a garden escape in waste places such as tracksides, roadsides, walls and sandy banks, and also in calcareous grassland and amongst scrub. It can colonise arable margins, and may become established on sand dunes. It also grows on some racecourses where it could have been introduced with horse-feed or bedding. Lowland.



World Distribution

A European Temperate species, absent as a native from much of W. Europe; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 838

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 369

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 2

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 2

Atlas Change Index: 0.98

JNCC Designations