Festuca pratensis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeFestucaFestuca pratensis

Ecology

A short-lived perennial found in a wide range of neutral grasslands, usually on fertile soils, including pastures, hay- and water-meadows. It is often sown for fodder and has become naturalised on roadsides, railway banks and waste ground. 0?575 m (Hartside, Cumberland) and exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 985

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Comment on Life Form

basically a hemicryptophyte with some wintergreen bits

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Tussock-forming graminoid, may slowly spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1976

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 569

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: -0.16

Weighted Changed Factor: -34

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

26

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000458788