Fragaria vesca

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeFragariaFragaria vesca

Ecology

A perennial stoloniferous herb of dry, sometimes stony, soils in woodland and scrub, on hedge banks, railway banks and roadsides and on basic rock outcrops and screes in upland areas. It also colonises open ground in quarries and chalk-pits, and grows on walls. It reproduces by seed, and spreads by rooting stolons. 0-640 m (Atholl, E. Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element; also in N. America and widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1091

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Far-creeping by stolons in illuminated medium

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2380

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 819

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 6

Atlas Change Index: -1.09

Weighted Changed Factor: -15

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

17

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003358