Galeopsis bifida

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeGaleopsisGaleopsis bifida

Ecology

An annual of arable, waste and cultivated ground, and less often woodland clearings and ditch-sides. It is found in similar places to G. tetrahit, and often grows with it, although more strictly an arable weed. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1011

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1135

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 138

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004254

Atlas text references

Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
O`Donovan & Sharma (1987)