Geranium pratense

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaGeraniaceaeGeraniumGeranium pratense

Ecology

A perennial herb of rough grassland on verges, railway banks and streamsides, and in damp hay meadows and lightly grazed pastures, mainly on calcareous soils. Generally lowland, reaching 375 m at Alston (Cumberland), but exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 922

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1383

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 2

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.15

Weighted Changed Factor: 22

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

17

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003147

Atlas text references

Atlas (90d)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Yeo PF
1985.  Hardy Geraniums.