A carpet-forming stoloniferous perennial herb of woods, grassland, hedgerows and waste places, usually on fertile soils. It usually spreads vegetatively by rapid growth of its creeping stems, and seed-set is often very low. 0-465 m (Hawkswick Clowder, Mid-W. Yorks.).
Although there is no evidence for a major change in distribution at the national scale, G. hederacea is apparently increasing within lowland woods, particularly in S.E. England, where excessive deer grazing has led to a decline in more palatable woodland ground-flora species (Cooke, 1994).
Eurasian Boreo-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.
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Light (Ellenberg): 6
Moisture (Ellenberg): 6
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1001
Height (cm): 30
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2242
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 708
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11
Atlas Change Index: -0.56
Weighted Changed Factor: -4
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Hutchins & Price (1999)
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.