Gymnadenia conopsea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrchidaceaeGymnadeniaGymnadenia conopsea

Ecology

A tuberous perennial herb of both dry and moist chalk and limestone grasslands, limestone pavement, less acidic heaths, and wetter habitats such as base-rich fens. It also grows in artificial habitats, including quarries and railway banks. 0-610 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1187

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1341

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 365

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.76

Weighted Changed Factor: 3

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

33

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000459168

Atlas text references

Atlas (336d)
Allan B, Woods P
1993.  Wild orchids of Scotland.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jenkinson MN
1991.  Wild orchids of Dorset.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Sanford M
1991.  The orchids of Suffolk.