Heracleum sphondylium

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaApiaceaeHeracleumHeracleum sphondylium

Ecology

A robust perennial herb of dry or moist, neutral to calcareous soils. It has a wide habitat range, including rough and disturbed grassland, especially on roadsides and trackways, woodland rides, scrub, river banks, stabilised dunes, coastal cliffs, montane tall-herb vegetation and waste ground. 0-1005 m (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1088

Height (cm): 175

Perennation - primary

Biennial, including monocarpic perennials

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2692

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 959

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.08

Weighted Changed Factor: -25

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

13

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003710