Hesperis matronalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaBrassicaceaeHesperisHesperis matronalis

Ecology

A perennial, or sometimes biennial, herb of shaded moist habitats, found in hedgerows and wood borders, on river-banks, roadsides and waste ground, usually near habitation. It is often well-naturalised, but only where there is little competition. Casual plants occur on tips and in waste places. Lowland.

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

Native of S. Europe and W. Asia, although absent from the Mediterranean area; widely naturalised in C. & N. Europe, N. America and elsewhere.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 969

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1709

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 515

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: 1.53

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

28

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000002902