Lamium purpureum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeLamiumLamium purpureum


This annual is a frequent colonist of fertile and disturbed soils, and is found in cultivated and waste ground, gardens, hedgerows, on roadside verges, along railways, around rock outcrops and in rough grassland. 0-610 m (Grasshill, Co. Durham).



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte L. purpureum has a European Temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1027

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2461

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 738

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -1.09

Weighted Changed Factor: -2

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (249b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.