Leucanthemum vulgare

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeLeucanthemumLeucanthemum vulgare


A perennial herb found in many grassy habitats, especially meadows and pastures which are cut or moderately grazed, preferring well-drained, neutral to base-rich soils; also on coastal cliffs, stabilised dunes, waste ground, by railways and newly sown roadsides. It can quickly colonise open ground. 0-845 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1074

Height (cm): 75

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Comment on Clonality

sometimes forms clones but often rather short-lived

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2532

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 916

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 13

Atlas Change Index: -1.14

Weighted Changed Factor: 6

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (284d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Howarth SE, Williams JT
1968.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 110. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. Journal of Ecology. 56:585-595.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.