Lycopus europaeus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeLycopusLycopus europaeus

Ecology

A rhizomatous perennial herb of wet habitats on organic and mineral soils, including the banks of rivers, streams, lakes and ditches, fens, fen carr, the top of beaches and dune-slacks. It is tolerant of temporary flooding, and is often an early colonist of exposed mud and shallow standing water in newly created wetlands. 0-485 m (Lochan Learg nan Lunn, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 995

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1689

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 347

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: -0.01

Weighted Changed Factor: 24

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

15

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004206