A long-lived shrub or small tree occasionally found in hedges or woods, and as a relic of cultivation. In Britain, regeneration from seed appears to be very rare, but vegetative spread by suckering has been recorded. Lowland.
M. germanica has been grown in Britain since 995 (Harvey, 1981) and was later much planted in gardens and orchards for its fruits. It has apparently been less often planted in recent years, but trends in its distribution are difficult to discern.
Native of S.W. Asia and perhaps S.E. Europe; widely naturalised in C. Europe.
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Light (Ellenberg): 6
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.4
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1
Annual Precipitation (mm): 861
Height (cm): 900
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 98
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 1
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8
Atlas text references
1984. Flora dels Països Catalans, I. Introducció. Licopodiàcies-Capparàcies.
1997. Mespilus germanica in southern Britain. BSBI News. 75:49-50.
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.