An annual which is introduced to rubbish tips and waste ground as an impurity of grain and bird-seed. Lowland.
Although cultivated in Britain by 1683, N. paniculata was first recorded in the wild as a casual from grain in 1859. It is now of only rare occurrence, presumably because of improved seed cleaning techniques.
N. paniculata sens. lat. (including N. apiculata) is a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate species which occurs outside its native range as a naturalised or casual plant in Europe, E. Asia, N. America and elsewhere.
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