Orchis simia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrchidaceaeOrchisOrchis simia

Ecology

This perennial, tuberous herb is found on S.-facing banks in grazed chalk grassland. It is tolerant of some degree of shade from scrub, and can also grow on woodland edges. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 697

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 10

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Plantatt Conservation Status

Vulnerable

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000002322