Papaver somniferum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPapaveraceaePapaverPapaver somniferum

Ecology

An annual occurring as a casual garden escape on roadsides, waste ground and rubbish tips, and occasionally in arable fields as a relic of cultivation for poppy seed. Lowland, with one record at 410 m (Eisteddfa Gurig, Cards.).

Status

Archaeophyte

World Distribution

Probably native of the eastern Mediterranean region, but native distribution obscured by its spread in cultivation.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 8

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.3

Annual Precipitation (mm): 868

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1600

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 190

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: 2.54

Weighted Changed Factor: 75

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

12

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000002769