Picea abies

Tracheophyta PinopsidaPinaceaePiceaPicea abies

Ecology

An evergreen tree of plantations and shelter-belts, grown in a wide variety of soils but not suited to deep peat, dry soils and exposed situations. It seeds freely, and natural regeneration occurs in open ground, in clear-felled areas and on heathland. Generally lowland, but upper altitudinal limit unknown.

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

A Eurasian Boreal-montane species; absent as a native from W. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Coniferous woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 3

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1054

Height (cm): 4600

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1460

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 120

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 2

Weighted Changed Factor: 59

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

16

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000461247