An evergreen coniferous, very hardy shrub that is used in upland areas as a windbreak, particularly around young plantations. It is frequent in cultivation, being planted in parks and gardens on a wide range of soil types. Lowland and upland, but precise details of its altitudinal range are unavailable.
P. mugo was introduced into Britain in 1774 and was recorded from the wild by 1968. Although genuinely uncommon in the wild, it is probably under-recorded.
Native of the mountains of C. Europe and the Balkan peninsula.
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