Populus alba

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaePopulusPopulus alba


A broad-crowned tree which is most frequent as a female in amenity plantings along roadsides and in parks; also in windbreaks and on coastal dunes, but rarely in plantations. It suckers freely and sometimes becomes well-established, forming dense thickets. It is resistant to salt-laden winds. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of S., C. & E. Europe, eastwards to C. Asia; widely naturalised north and west of its native range.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.3

Annual Precipitation (mm): 867

Height (cm): 2000

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1531

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 116

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 10

Atlas Change Index: 0.97

Weighted Changed Factor: 28

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations