A perennial herb of well-drained, herb-rich grasslands on mesic to calcareous soils; less commonly on seasonally flooded soils, in scrub or woodland rides and edges, and on calcareous cliffs. 0-750 m (Knock Ore Gill, Westmorland), and exceptionally at 845 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).
P. veris suffered a marked decline between 1930 and 1980 due to the ploughing or agricultural improvement of grassland. It has, however, recently become more frequent on road verges sown with this species or with wild-flower mixtures. The current map shows little change from the 1962 Atlas.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2
Annual Precipitation (mm): 900
Height (cm): 15
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1632
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 369
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 6
Atlas Change Index: -0.32
Weighted Changed Factor: 9
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1993. Genetics of colonising and established populations of Primula veris. Heredity. 71:252-258. .
1988. The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants. .
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology. .
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. .
1998. The effect of temperature on reproduction in five Primula species. Annals of Botany. 82:359-374. .
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.