Prunus avium

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaePrunusPrunus avium

Ecology

The natural habitats of this small to medium-sized tree include deciduous woodland and hedges on fertile soils, but it is widely planted as an ornamental or fruit tree in parks and gardens. It spreads by fruit and suckers. 0-400 m (N. of Garrigill, Cumberland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1024

Height (cm): 2500

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2136

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 431

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 7

Atlas Change Index: 1.29

Weighted Changed Factor: 55

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

14

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003417