The natural habitats of this small to medium-sized tree include deciduous woodland and hedges on fertile soils, but it is widely planted as an ornamental or fruit tree in parks and gardens. It spreads by fruit and suckers. 0-400 m (N. of Garrigill, Cumberland).
The distribution of P. avium has not changed since the 1962 Atlas. It is frequently difficult to decide whether populations are native or alien, and all records have been mapped here as if they are native.
European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 4
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1024
Height (cm): 2500
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2136
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 431
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 7
Atlas Change Index: 1.29
Weighted Changed Factor: 55
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1980. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.
2000. Domestication of plants in the Old World, edn 3.