A shrub or small tree of roadsides, hedges, woods and copses and ornamental plantings. It rarely if ever suckers, and only occasionally sets fruit. Lowland.
There is considerable doubt about the history of this species in Britain. Known in cultivation in the 16th century, it was not recorded until the 20th century in many areas where it is now frequent. It may have been overlooked by recorders unaware of its early flowering, and there has been a vast increase in 10-km square records since the 1962 Atlas as this character has become more widely known. It may also be confused with varieties of P. domestica and P. spinosa.
Native of S.E. Europe, S.W. & C. Asia.
Light (Ellenberg): 6
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8
Annual Precipitation (mm): 803
Height (cm): 800
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 900
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 11
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4
Atlas Change Index: 3.43
Weighted Changed Factor: 70
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1976. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, III. N-Rh.
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.
1991. The cherries and plums of Cambridgeshire. Nature in Cambridgeshire. 33:29-39.