A shrub or small tree of hedgerows, copses and wood-borders. It spreads by fruit or suckers, and can sometimes form dense thickets. Lowland.
Cultivars of this species were being grown in the 16th century, and it is one of the parents of the Morello Cherry. Most populations have been deliberately planted, rather than bird-sown. The 1962 Atlas indicated a strong decline in England prior to 1930, but P. cerasus is much confused with P. avium and its past and present distribution is to that extent uncertain. There has been a small decline since the 1962 Atlas.
Native of S.W. Asia.
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Light (Ellenberg): 6
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2
Annual Precipitation (mm): 961
Height (cm): 800
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 706
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 339
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 7
Atlas Change Index: -0.9
Weighted Changed Factor: -31
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.
1991. The cherries and plums of Cambridgeshire. Nature in Cambridgeshire. 33:29-39.
2000. Domestication of plants in the Old World, edn 3.