A long-lived, deciduous tree of high forest, coppice woodland and ancient wood-pasture. It grows on a wide range of soils, typically those which are heavy and fertile, but does not thrive on thin soils over limestone or acidic peat. It is fairly tolerant of waterlogging, growing at fen margins and in Alnus woodland. It is very widely planted in hedges and woodland. 0-450 m (Talgarth, Brecs.).
The dominance of Q. robur in many woods is the result of many centuries of selective woodland management, followed by deliberate planting in recent centuries. All records are mapped as if they are native.
European Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1049
Height (cm): 3000
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2310
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 663
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12
Atlas Change Index: -0.6
Weighted Changed Factor: -10
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
EW Jones (1959)
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1974. A history of the taxonomy and distribution of the native oak species. The British Oak. :13-26.
1980. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.