Ranunculus ficaria

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeRanunculusRanunculus ficaria


An aestivating perennial herb that grows in woods, hedge banks, meadows, roadsides, maritime grassland, the banks of rivers and streams and shaded waste ground. It prefers damp, loamy or clay soils, and avoids very dry, very acidic or permanently waterlogged sites. 0?750 m (Loch Lochy, Westerness), but probably higher elsewhere in Scotland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1084

Height (cm): 25

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Tuberous or bulbous, slowing cloning by offsets

Clonality - secondary

Detaching ramets above ground (often axillary)

Comment on Clonality

not much spread by tubers unless ground is dug or disturbed

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2648

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 820

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.16

Weighted Changed Factor: -6

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations