An erect, deciduous shrub, suckering freely to form thickets. It is found as a naturalised garden escape or throw-out in woodland, hedgerows and scrub, and on roadsides, railway embankments, sand dunes and waste ground; it also occurs as a relic of cultivation. Reproduction is by seed, which can be bird-sown. Lowland.
R. ferruginea, which has been in cultivation since before 1830, is very popular in gardens like R. `Hollandica`, there has been an increase in records in recent years as recorders have become more familiar with it.
Native of the mountains of C. & S. Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Balkans and Carpathians.
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