Salix caprea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaeSalixSalix caprea

Ecology

A shrub or tree which grows in open woodland and wood margins, scrub and hedgerows, and around rocky lake and streamsides. It colonises waste ground and can tolerate drier and more base-rich soils than S. cinerea. 0?760 m (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1080

Height (cm): 1000

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2412

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 620

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: 0.34

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

22

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003868