Salvia verbenaca

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeSalviaSalvia verbenaca


An aromatic perennial herb of open grassland on sunny banks, sand dunes and roadsides; usually on well-drained, base-rich soils, including sticky calcareous clays that are wet in winter and baked dry in summer. In S.E. England, it is often associated with churchyards because of the medieval practice of sowing it on graves (Sturt, 1995). In Ireland, it is almost exclusively coastal. Lowland.



World Distribution

Mediterranean-Atlantic element.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 748

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 481

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 20

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: -0.51

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (245c
de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1995.  Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes.
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Mabey R
1996.  Flora Britannica.