Sambucus nigra

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaprifoliaceaeSambucusSambucus nigra

Ecology

A deciduous shrub or small tree of fertile soils in a wide range of habitats including woodland, hedgerows, grassland, scrub, waste ground, roadsides and railway banks. It is resistant to rabbit grazing and often occurs around warrens. 0-470 m (above Nenthead, Cumberland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© H. Higgins, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1061

Height (cm): 1000

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2457

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 919

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.75

Weighted Changed Factor: -4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

10

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004324