An aromatic perennial herb occurring in the upper, drier parts of saltmarshes; also found on shingle, sea-cliffs, waste ground and walls close to the sea, by brackish dykes of drained estuarine marshes and on the banks of tidal rivers. Lowland.
S. maritimum was lost from many sites in N. and W. Britain (and some elsewhere) before 1930, with further losses since. It is stable elsewhere and can be locally common, and is now better recorded, or perhaps increasing, in Ireland.
Suboceanic Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 9
Moisture (Ellenberg): 7
Reaction (Ellenberg): 8
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 5
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.3
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8
Annual Precipitation (mm): 783
Height (cm): 50
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Life Form - secondary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 222
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 20
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1
Atlas Change Index: -0.42
Atlas text references
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1984. Notes on the distribution of Artemisia maritima L. in eastern Scotland. Watsonia. 15:36-38.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.