Silene vulgaris

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaryophyllaceaeSileneSilene vulgaris


S. vulgaris is a perennial herb found in a wide range of soils in open and grassy habitats, including cultivated and abandoned arable fields, rough pasture, roadside verges, quarries, gravel-pits, railway banks, walls and waste places. It is able to tolerate partial shade and may grow in open woodland and on hedge banks. 0-360 m (Shap Summit, Westmorland).



World Distribution

Eurasian Southern-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.3

Annual Precipitation (mm): 897

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1710

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 280

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: -1.26

Weighted Changed Factor: -36

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (62a)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1986)
Marsden-Jones EM, Turrill WB
1957.  The Bladder Campions.