Sorbus aucuparia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeSorbusSorbus aucuparia


A small to medium-sized tree of woods, cliffs, rock outcrops and rocky riversides. It can also be bird-sown from planted trees on waste ground and by railways. It avoids calcareous and heavy soils and dense shade. A sexual species, it flowers and fruits freely. 0-870 m (Helvellyn, Cumberland, and in the Rannoch area, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 3

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1128

Height (cm): 1500

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2472

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 749

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.86

Weighted Changed Factor: 28

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (131c)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Raspé O, Findlay C, Jacquemart AL
2000.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 214. Sorbus aucuparia L. Journal of Ecology. 88:910-930.