Sorbus domestica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeSorbusSorbus domestica


A shrub or small tree found on S.-facing coastal cliff ledges and in cliff scrub and gorge woodland, mostly on limestone, but occasionally on mudstone or shale. Although a sexual species, flowering is often poor and fruit rarely produced. Suckering is frequent. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Inland rock (quarries, cliffs, screes)

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 857

Height (cm): 500

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 4

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Plantatt Conservation Status

Critically endangered

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Q O N Kay (1998)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Paton A
1967.  True service trees of Worcestershire. Proceedings of the Botanical Society of the British Isles. 7:9-13.
Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.