Symphytum tuberosum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaBoraginaceaeSymphytumSymphytum tuberosum

Ecology

The native habitats of this perennial herb are damp woodland, ditches, stream and river banks, where it occurs in both shaded and open situations. As an alien, it occurs on roadside verges, waste ground and other disturbed sites. Generally lowland, but reaching 335 m in Mid Perth.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 2.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1047

Height (cm): 55

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 407

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.11

Weighted Changed Factor: 18

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

27

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003992

Atlas text references

Atlas (212b)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.