Tussilago farfara

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeTussilagoTussilago farfara


A rhizomatous perennial herb, occurring, often as a pioneer, in a wide range of moist or dry, often disturbed habitats, which include sand dunes and shingle, slumping cliff-slopes, landslides, spoil heaps, seepage areas, rough grassland, crumbling river banks, waste places and roadside verges. It can also be a troublesome arable weed. 0-1065 m in the Breadalbanes (Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Inland rock (quarries, cliffs, screes)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1085

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2618

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 906

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 7

Atlas Change Index: -0.65

Weighted Changed Factor: -47

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations