A perennial herb of damp basic to mildly acidic soils in long-established, mixed deciduous woodland, scrub and shaded hedge banks. It is found on loamy and sandy soils and on heavy clay. Generally lowland, but reaching 435 m at Pont y Daf (Brecs.).
The distribution of V. montana is little changed since the 1962 Atlas, although it is now better recorded in W. Scotland.
European Temperate element.