Vicia sativa

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaFabaceaeViciaVicia sativa

Ecology

An annual of grassy and wayside places, particularly on dry and sandy sites. It was also grown as a fodder crop, and has widely escaped and become naturalised in many ruderal habitats. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 991

Height (cm): 90

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1930

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 472

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.19

Weighted Changed Factor: 9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

20

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000014093