A hemiparasite on a wide range of trees in orchards, hedgerows, parklands and gardens, but rarely in dense or primary woodlands. Its most frequent hosts are Malus spp., followed by Tilia x europaea, Crataegus spp. (its commonest native hosts), Populus spp., Acer spp., Salix spp. and Robinia pseudoacacia. Lowland.
The native range of V. album is so obscured by introductions that all records are mapped as if they are native. A survey in 1969-72 produced many new records, suggesting that it had previously been under-recorded. A repeat survey in 1994-8 provided no evidence for any marked changes in its distribution.
European Temperate element; also in C. and E. Asia.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9
Annual Precipitation (mm): 788
Height (cm): 100
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Life Form - secondary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 923
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 6
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4
Atlas Change Index: 0.97
Weighted Changed Factor: 41
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1999. Kissing Goodbye to Mistletoe.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1973. Mistletoe. Plants wild and cultivated. :139-145.