A perennial scrambling woody climber naturalised in hedges and scrub and along river banks, often as a garden escape or relic of cultivation, and occasionally as a casual on tips. Lowland.
V. vinifera was grown in Britain for wine-making in Roman times and the Dark Ages, commonly in the Medieval period and more or less continuously since then. It was recorded from the wild by at least 1908, and is now much more frequently reported, probably due to its popularity in gardens, to a renewed interest in wine production, and to an increased interest in recording aliens.
Native of S. & C. Europe, N. Africa and S.W. Asia, but limits of native range obscured by its spread in cultivation.
Atlas text references
1990. Flora dels Països Catalans, II. Crucíferes-Amarantàcies.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
1997. The new Oxford Book of Food Plants.
2000. Domestication of plants in the Old World, edn 3.